Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a sovereign state and unitary monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard. The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the Kingdom. Norway also lays claim to a section of Antarctica known as Queen Maud Land. Until 1814, the kingdom included the Faroe Islands, Greenland, and Iceland. It also included Bohuslan until, 1658, Jamtland and Harjedalen until 1645, Shetland and Orkney until 1468, and the Hebrides and Isle of Man until 1266. Norway has a total area of 385,252 square kilometers (148,747 sq. mi) and a population of 5,258,317 (as of January 2017). The country shares a long eastern border with Sweden (1,619 km or 1,006 mi long). Norway is bordered by Finland and Russia to the north-east, and the Skagerrak strait to the south, with Denmark on the other side. Norway has an extensive coastline, facing the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea.
The current population of Norway is 5,339,538 as of Monday, March 19, 2018, based on the latest United Nations estimates. Norway population is equivalent to 0.07% of the total world population. Norway ranks number 119 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population. The population density in Norway is 15 per Km2 (38 people per mi2). The total land area is 365,268 Km2 (141,031 sq. miles). 80.5 % of the population is urban (4,308,838 people in 2018). The median age in Norway is 39.3 years.