Sweden, officially the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Oresund. At 450,295 square kilometers (173,860 sq. mi), Sweden is the third-largest country in the European Union by area. Sweden has a total population of 10.1 million of which 2.3 million has a foreign background. It has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometer (57/sq. mi); the highest concentration is in the southern half of the country. Approximately 85% of the population lives in urban areas.
Sweden has a much milder climate than most other regions of the world that lie as far north. Sweden's climate is influenced by the Gulf Stream, a warm ocean stream that flows off Norway's west coast. Sweden's many lakes and the gulfs of Bothnia give Sweden generally a relatively mild climate. July temperatures in Sweden average 13 to 17°C. February is usually Sweden's coldest month, with temperatures from - 22 to -3°C. In northern Sweden, winter temperatures often drop to -30°C, sometimes even lower. Snow covers the ground in southern Sweden from December to April, and in northern Sweden the first snowfall is often already in October.
The current population of Sweden is 9,961,809 as of Sunday, March 18, 2018, based on the latest United Nations estimates. Sweden population is equivalent to 0.13% of the total world population. Sweden ranks number 89 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population. The population density in Sweden is 24 per Km2 (63 people per mi2). The total land area is 410,340 Km2 (158,433 sq. miles). 85.5 % of the population is urban (8,535,204 people in 2018). The median age in Sweden is 40.9 years.